541: "Even as she spake, and Telemachus sneezed loudly, and around the roof rung wondrously. vii. Todefend ourselves--to ward off that fate--not a hand stirs: no one ispreparing, none cares; but here we lie, as though it were time to restand take our ease. Apart from the intrinsic charm of the story, the "Anabasis" is interesting as containing the raw material of experience and reflection which "this young scholar or philosopher," our friend, the author, will one day turn to literary account. He had with himhis own cavalry and a force belonging to Orontas, who had the king'sdaughter to wife; and there were, moreover, with them the Asiaticswhom Cyrus had taken with him on his march up; together with thosewhom the king's brother had brought as a reinforcement to the king;besides those whom Tissaphernes himself had received as a gift fromthe king, so that the armament appeared to be very great. Arrian, Anabasis A.G. Roos, Ed. Arrian, iv. "I will bring all, and I will show you, on my side, the source fromwhich I derive my information concerning you.". Then it was resolved to summon the officers of the light infantry andsome of those of the heavy infantry, and to acquaint them with thestate of affairs, and ask them whether any of them were minded todistinguish themselves, and would step forward as volunteers on anexpedition. ANABASIS. After this, two Hellene generals went out with all precaution.These were Cleanor the Orchomenian[3], and Sophaenetus theStymphalion, attended by Xenophon the Athenian, who went to learn newsof Proxenus. Next day they set off without a guide; and the enemy, by keeping up acontinuous battle and occupying in advance every narrow place,obstructed passage after passage. ", Throughout this speech he seemed to Clearchus to be speaking thetruth, and he rejoined: "Then are not those worthy of the worst 24penalties who, in spite of all that exists to cement our friendship,endeavour by slander to make us enemies?" Then there are the Egyptians[2]. Thereupon the Carduchians abandoned their dwelling places, and withtheir wives and children fled to the mountains; so there was plenty ofprovisions to be got for the mere trouble of taking, and thehomesteads too were well supplied with a copious store of bronzevessels and utensils which the Hellenes kept their hands off,abstaining at the same time from all pursuit of the folk themselves,gently handling them, in hopes that the Carduchians might be willingto give them friendly passage through their country, since they toowere enemies of the king: only they helped themselves to suchprovisions as fell in their way, which indeed was a sheer necessity.But the Carduchians neither gave ear, when they called to them, norshowed any other friendly sign; and now, as the last of the Hellenesdescended into the villages from the pass, they were already in thedark, since, owing to the narrowness of the road, the whole day hadbeen spent in the ascent and descent. After this conversation Tissaphernes, with kindliest expression,invited Clearchus to remain with him at the time, and entertained himat dinner. As I dwell on thesematters, I confess, the idea of your feeling mistrust of us is soastonishing, that I would give much to discover the name of the man,who is so clever of speech that he can persuade you that we harbourdesigns against you." I think I can dealwith them all; they shall cease from being a constant distubance toyour peace and prosperity. Please informme, then, as to what you propose, regarding me as your friend andwell-wisher, anxious only to pursue his march in your company." As soon as he turns, and the bugle fromthe river sounds for 'the attack,' you will face about to the right,the rear rank leading, and the whole detachment falling back andcrossing the river as quickly as possible, every one preserving hisoriginal rank, so as to avoid tramelling one another: the bravest manis he who gets to the other side first.". But if youimagine that you, on your side, have any better reason to mistrust theking and me, than we you, listen to me in turn, and I will undeceiveyou. 22. Thiswas a certain Apollonides there present, who spoke in the Boeotiandialect. 18) says: 19; v. 12; ix. But we, with these things before our eyes, will not any morebe cheated and cajoled by them; we will make the best fight we can,and having made it, whatever the gods think fit to send, we willaccept.". The Anabasis of Alexander; or, The history of the wars and conquests of Alexander the Great. But he, when he heard, blamed Xenophon that hehad not, in the first instance, inquired of the god, whether it werebetter for him to go or to stay, but had taken on himself to settlethat point affirmatively, by inquiring straightway, how he might best 7perform the journey. 5, 85) says that the Persian They all held up theirhands, and there and then they vowed a vow and chanted the battlehymn. The name is said to mean "citadel," and is given to various Greek cities (of which several occur in Xenophon). The Medes once dwelt in it. With thisunderstanding, off they set, two thousand strong; and there was aheavy downpour of rain, but Xenophon, with his rearguard, beganadvancing to the visible pass, so that the enemy might fix hisattention on this road, and the party creeping round might, as much aspossible, elude observation. He told them all that had happened. Withhim you have murdered the very men to whom you gave your solemn wordand oath, and to the rest of us turned traitors; and, having so done, 39you join hand with our enemies to come against us." Thereupon Xenophon spoke as follows: "We all know only too well, that 34the king and Tissaphernes have seized as many of us as they could, andit is clear they are plotting to destroy the rest of us if they can.Our business is plain: it is to do all we can to avoid getting intothe power of the barbarians; rather, if we can, we will get them intoour power. IBZ Online Internationale Bibliographie der geistes- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Zeitschriftenliteratur [International bibliography of periodical literature in the humanities and social sciences] Accordingly, whenever the van wasobstructed, Xenophon, from behind, made a dash up the hills and brokethe barricade, and freed the vanguard by endeavouring to get above theobstructing enemy. The Anabasis of Alexander; or, The history of the wars and conquests of Alexander the Great. No one at all the clearness and distinctness with which he describes all military 37). (Mr. G. A. Macmillan) iv. Honours and highestate he craved for simply that he might extend the area of hisgains; and if he studied to be on friendly terms with the powerful, itwas in order that he might commit wrong with impunity. The ANABASIS, the progressive rock collaborative of Barry Thompson (music) and George Andrade (words), announce that Jimmy Keegan (Spock's Beard, Pattern Seeking Animals) will record drums for the band’s long-awaited sophomore release, The Battle – An Opioid Story, a progressive rock opera written to benefit the Edwina Martin House in Brockton, MA. Maybe, it is but right and fair that you should somewhat excel them, foryou are generals, you are commanders of brigades or regiments; and if,while it was peace, you had the advantage in wealth and position, sonow, when it is war, you are expected to rise superior to the commonherd--to think for them, to toil for them, whenever there be need. Arrian reckoned Libya, or Africa, as a part of 10What the two young men had at this time to say was that they had beencollecting brushwood for fire, and had presently espied on theopposite side, in among some rocks which came down to the river'sbrink, an old man and some women and little girls depositing, as itwould appear, bags of clothes in a cavernous rock. Page 60 - The country was a plain throughout, as even as the sea, and full of wormwood; and if any other kind of shrubs or reeds grew there, they had all an aromatic smell, but no trees could be seen. That day they remained inactive, but the next they rose earlier than 1usual, and set out betimes, for they had a ravine to cross, where theyfeared the enemy might attack them in the act of crossing. As soon as they were all met, they seated themselves in frontof the place d'armes: the assembled generals and officers, numberingabout a hundred. The species of genus Anabasis are annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs.Their stems are fleshy and articulated, mostly glabrous with the exception of hairy tufts at the nodes, rarely with papillae-like trichomes or woolly. This is the testimony of all who knewhim intimately. 401 and 338, see Jebb, "Attic Orators," vol i. p. 17. Ihave noted both his ears bored like a Lydian's." No river is impassablethroughout; whatever difficulties it may present at some distance fromits source, you need only make your way up to the springhead, andthere you may cross it without wetting more than your ankles. Cheirisophus was at the time away in a village with aparty gathering provisions. Cheirisophus retorted: "That isnot quite my view; I say, let us do a little burning ourselves, andthey will cease all the quicker. Livy (ix. It was overthrown by Cyrus in B.C. The inflorescences are elongated or condensed spikes. Report further said that thesources of the Euphrates also were not far from those of theTigris, and this is actually the case. Haunted by such thoughts, and with hearts full of despair, but few ofthem tasted food that evening; but few of them kindled even a fire,and many never came into camp at all that night, but took their restwhere each chanced to be. I should not wonder if our troopersgave some annoyance to these fugitives.". It must beadmitted that, as far as was compatible with his quality of temper, hewas; none more so. At this instant the signal of thebugle was heard. That is howXenophon came to join the expedition, deceived indeed, though not byProxenus, who was equally in the dark with the rest of the Hellenes,not counting Clearchus, as to the intended attack upon the king. But when we, instead of giving up our arms, put them onand went and pitched our camp near him, his manner changed. was the best among the numerous historians of Alexander. Well,then! He was anagent in disguise; in fact, a relation of Tissaphernes was inattendance to keep a check on his loyalty. Sir W. Raleigh (Hist. But without you, all our way is through darkness; forwe known nothing concerning it, every river will be an obstacle, eachmultitude a terror; but, worst terror of all, the vast wilderness, sofull of endless perplexity. After that, we will there summon a general meetingof the soldiers. speeches, but wherever he does he shows a profound knowledge of man; Butthe enemy in position on the crest no sooner perceived their advanceupon the summit of the pass than they themselves set off full tilt ina rival race for the summit too. Or if any one stood aloof from him, he set it down as ameritorious act of kindness on his part that during their intercoursehe had not robbed him of existence. Show yourselves to be the bravestof officers, and among generals, the worthiest to command. in slaying our benefactor should we not havechallenged to enter the lists against us a more formidable antagonistin the king himself? I have come to you under a conviction that such 6misunderstandings may best be put a stop to by personal intercourse,and I wish to instruct you plainly that you are wrong in mistrustingus. Now the citizenship and family name "Flavius" were frequently given in the years between 70 and 96, but the receivers were always called Titus Flavius, not … I hope that there may be many more like you, for itwould prove a public blessing." Under these circumstances, the next day they turned right about face,and began retracing their steps in the direction of Babylon to theunburnt villages, having previously set fire to those they left, sothat the enemy did not ride up to them, but stood and stared, allagape to see in what direction the Hellenes would betake themselvesand what they were minded to do. I say, as I 21reasoned thus, there were times when I dreaded the truce more than Inow dread war. Whenever the rear was the point attacked,Cheirisophus, in the same way, made a detour, and by endeavouring tomount higher than the barricaders, freed the passage for the rearrank; and in this way, turn and turn about, they rescued each other,and paid unflinching attention to their mutual needs. arXiv is committed to these values and only works with partners that adhere to them. Suppose, then, we investigate and 18find out first of all who among them possess slings, and for theseslings offer the owner the money value; and to another, who will plaitsome more, hand over the money price; and for a third, who willvolunteer to be enrolled as a slinger, invent some other sort ofprivilege, I think we shall soon find people to come forward capableof helping us. Theseresolutions passed, they caused a proclamation by herald to be madefor their enforcement. The campaignreferred to was understood to be against the Pisidians. To do so, they made six lochi, ordivisions of a hundred men apiece, each of which had its own set ofcaptains and under-officers in command of half and quarter companies. Or is mere living an objectwith any of you, strive to conquer; if to slay is the privilege ofvictory, to die is the doom of the defeated. Memnon’s Butwhen they were once encamped, and the barbarians, advancing upon thevillage, made an attempt to harass them with their sharp-shooters, thesuperiority of the Hellenes was pronounced. I too! There is onepoint, I admit, in which their cavalry have the whip-hand of us; it issafer for them than it is for us to run away. Know well that the cause of this was nothing less than mypassion to prove myself faithful to the Hellenes, and that, as Cyruswent up, relying on a foreign force attracted by payment, I in turnmight go down strong in the same through service rendered. Andyou should pass a resolution that, in case of insubordination, any one 31who stands by is to aid the officer in chastising the offender. 981 Cf. We haveheard of the Mysians, a people whom we certainly cannot admit to bebetter than ourselves; and yet they inhabit numbers of large andprosperous cities in the king's own country without asking leave. The agreement was, that if they succeeded intaking the summit they were to guard the position that night, and atdaybreak to give a signal by bugle. Xenophon, as soon as he saw that things were going well on the other 24side, fell back with all speed to join the troops engaged in crossing,for by this time the Carduchians were well in sight, descending intothe plain to attack their rear. Their name, pronounced Kardu by the ancient Syrians and Assyrians, Kordu by the Armenians (plural Kordukh), first appears in its narrower sense in western literature in the pages of the eye-witness Xenophon as {Kardoukhoi}. 985 Dr. Leonhard Schmitz says:—“Arrian is in this work one of At presentthe enemy shoot and sling beyond our range, so that our Cretan archersare no match for them; our hand-throwers cannot reach as far; and whenwe pursue, it is not possible to push the pursuit to any greatdistance from the main body, and within the short distance nofoot-soldier, however fleet of foot, could overtake anotherfoot-soldier who has a bow-shot the start of him. Beaten,goaded with pricks, insulted, poor souls, they cannot even die: thoughdeath, I ween, would be very sweet. So wasit when the Persians came, and their attendant hosts[3], with a verygreat armament, to wipe out Athens from the face of the earth--the menof Athens had the heart to withstand them and conquered them. Search full-text index. As soon as theywere within a short distance, they bade any general or captain of theHellenes who might be there to approach and hear a message from theking. He had no reverenceeven for Zeus, the god of strangers; but, after entertaining Clearchusat his own board as a friend, he used his hospitality to delude anddecoy his victims. Nor did this villagestand alone; there were others not a few in this plain of the Tigrisequally overflowing with plenty. It had beenthe dream of his boyhood to become a man capable of greatachievements. Lucius Flavius Arrianus - or Arrian, as he is usually called in the English language - was born in Nicomedia, one of the Greek towns in the Roman empire, between 85 and 90 CE. Rule he soughtafter only as a stepping-stone to larger spoils. This citythe king of the Persians[2] besieged, what time the Persians strove tosnatch their empire from the Medes, but he could in no wise take it;then a cloud hid the face of the sun and blotted out the lightthereof, until the inhabitants were gone out of the city, and so itwas taken. Xenophon, with the rearguard, followed the path which theparty with the guide had taken, since it was easiest for the beasts ofburthen; one half of his men he had posted in rear of the baggageanimals; the other half he had with himself. Havingfinally reached a point at which the Tigris was absolutelyimpassable owing to its depth and breadth, while there was nopassage along the bank itself, and the Carduchian hills hungsheer over the river, the generals took the resolution abovementioned of forcing a passage through the mountains. As long as the war between the Lacedaemonians andAthenians lasted, he could find occupation at home; but after thepeace, he persuaded his own city that the Thracians were injuring theHellenes, and having secured his object, set sail, empowered by theephorate to make war upon the Thracians north of the Chersonese andPerinthus. Without a single mounted trooper to aid them in pursuit:was it not perfectly plain that if they won a battle, their enemieswould escape to a man, but if they were beaten themselves, not onesoul of them would survive? The passage effected, they fell into line about mid-day, and marched 1through Armenian territory, one long plain with smooth rollinghillocks, not less than five parasangs in distance; for owing to thewars of this people with the Carduchians there were no villages nearthe river. 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source About Help. The next day was a day of inaction: they halted and took in supplies,as there was much corn in the villages; but on the day following, themarch was continued through the plain (of the Tigris), andTissaphernes still hung on their skirts with his skirmishers. The army is unable to cross the Centrites; Xenophon dreams that he is fettered, but the chains drop off his legs and he is able to stride as freely as ever; next morning the two young men come to him with the story how they have found themselves able to walk cross the river instead of having to swim it. The soldiers yielded obedience,except where some smuggler, prompted by desire of a good-looking boyor woman, managed to make off with his prize. A more formidable antagonistin the king himself butthat our business is to avoid by all getting... Not takeit either by length of days or strength of hand whilestill on this stage Tissaphernes. At once and questioned separately: `` did theyknow of any other road than the one visible?,,! Worthiest to command, about eighteen miles above Larissa their safe keeping we the! The plain ], the party in command of the mamelon from Xenophon. District ) in Northern Arcadia far from those of theTigris, and their... Were Roman citizens was not a rogue he ever looked upon as thegreatest of anabasis full text knewhim... But at the time of his death he musthave been about fifty-six miles was amist so. Bow your heads to rest in sweet content the middle of the Pesians laid siege but. -- '' Ileave it to you the reasons of my confidence, that you on your side willdesire our.. All who knewhim intimately return he undertook todeliver up the pace. `` and conquests of ;... [ view abbreviations ] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source about help Cyrus to the Philhelleneelite ( 2014. Euphrates also were not far from those of theTigris, and perhaps inadvertently, inserted into king... 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Enemy, who know all this, howcan you say that it was composed after the dream author..., supplying their places by ordinary baggage animals, andequipping the horses for cavalry you should be more undaunted to-dayto... In fact, a relation of anabasis full text was inattendance to keep a check on his lips got! To theastonishment of all, without a struggle deserted the knoll accommodate all these plains... Would not burn their houses, and our oaths, which we can at any rate they have tobe! These fugitives. `` their mobile phones and read from the author 's pamphlet `` on Revenues, '' persisted... By his excellence as an historian, they caused a proclamation by herald to be with him at the of... To name the one thing needfulto real and recognised generalship was, atonce... The special evils of the other look yonder ; this crestwhich overhangs our descent has been.! The friendshipwhich we solemnly contracted that their deliverance, except with the king 's pleasure. I. 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And view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter free and brave set of.. I lookupon as our greatest blessing in this pursuitthe Asiatics lost several of their infantry,!, iii Anabasis and will help undergraduate students to read off-line or to print text! Near, he wished both his sons to be the same motive Alexander... Certain Apollonides there present, who do whatever is done in battles of Zeus four... Theymarched stealthily and in battle order against the enemy werepressing their attack severely very meet and right that should! Inall ways subject to the front to slacken pace, when the Hellenes were when! You everypath is plain to us? ``, 85 ) says that end... ] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source about help ] opposite Mosul, the elements which to... Those we hate enemy heconsidered out of him, hewas killed before the eyes of death... Passage, and their sons are ye Search the site and view the abstracts and for. If to-day I betraymyself to my enemies this stage, Tissaphernes made his appearance,. Stepping-Stone to larger spoils, but at the time of his boyhood become. And will help undergraduate students to read off-line or to print out and... Remarks to anend, for may be many more like you, who know all this howcan... Xenophon was descending, and then they vowed a vow and chanted the battlehymn troopersgave some annoyance to fugitives. Theirhomeward route, and the men, see Jebb, `` by agood road, practicable even for.... Have made yourelections, come back to the enemy, who spoke in the Boeotiandialect of dawn theymarched and. Whole bodyhe had got by request from Tissaphernes, with kindliest expression, invited Clearchus to with! Anabasis pdf File size: 0.5 MB what 's this the light infantry from the.. Had two sons: the elder was named Artaxerxes, and of riper age request from,! Anagent in disguise ; in fact, a Cretan `` it only rests for me to name the thing... 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