Among the ways to balance the four humors was bloodletting, which was thought to cure everything from acne to diabetes to indigestion and from nosebleed to scurvy. PILES was a popular name for inflamed hemorrhoids. Causes of COPD. However, one dentist suggested that if you had to choose, brush at night. Also known as bronzed skin disease, Used to define the recurring fever & chills of malarial infection, Paroxysms with severe pain in lower chest, feeling of suffocation, Wasting away (generally from lack of use, i.e. DYSENTERY, formerly known as the bloody flux or flux, is an inflammation of the intestines with symptoms of severe diarrhea, accompanied by mucous and bloody stools along with fever and abdominal pain. BILIOUSNESS was a liver disease characterized by gastric pain and an undue amount of bile brought on by disorders of the liver or gallbladder. Metritis - Inflammation of uterus or purulent vaginal discharge . It usually occurs during the summer months and is acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated with feces of an infected person. It was prevalent in children between the ages of two and five and was caused by poor hygiene and poor nutrition. What have I done to merit these cruel sufferings?”. Lung disease refers to several types of diseases or disorders that prevent the lungs from functioning properly. CROUP was a form of CATARRH triggered by an acute viral infection with symptoms of “barking” that often worsened at night. The terminology relating to sicknesses found in the census manuscripts presented a mixture of precision and vagueness. Get Help. Cases of it exploded once “lying-in” hospitals became popular in Europe in the 1600s. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. To learn about scurvy, click here. It is an acute, infectious disease and one of the diseases caused by Rickettsia bacteria, micro-organisms transmitted by lice and fleas. In humans brucellosis can cause a range of symptoms that are similar to the flu and may include fever, sweats, headaches, back pains, and physical weakness. SCROFULA, also known as the “King’s Evil,” is a skin disease with usual signs and symptoms being a chronic, painless mass in the neck, which is persistent and usually grows with time. On The Haunting of Bly Manor, Viola Lloyd suffered from "the Lung" or, as it's known today, tuberculosis. Now we know it is caused by a severe protein deficiency. There were several forms of this disease: bronchial catarrh was bronchitis, epidemic catarrh was influenza, suffocative catarrh was croup, urethral catarrh was gleet, and vaginal catarrh was leukorrhea. If lung disease is taking your breath, you do not have to deal with it alone. CHOLERA INFANTUM was not a true form of CHOLERA but rather a noncontagious acute intestinal disturbance that affected young children primarily in the summer or autumn months and in areas of high humidity and temperature. Physicians were often baffled and did not have a clear understanding of microorganisms or how diseases were transmitted. There is no modern classification for this disease. Currently, only limited therapeutic options exist for chronic lung diseases; in particular, causative therapeutic approaches are missing. “Cholera Preventative Costume.” Public domain. Marasmus - Progressive wasting away of body, like malnutrition. Mania - Insanity. We know it today as trismus — a pathological condition where the mouth is held shut by sustained jaw muscle spasms — or tetanus, an infectious disease of the central nervous system. They also did not believe it was contagious and thought it entered the body through clothing or the lungs. She was a cook in New York, the first American carrier identified, and deemed responsible for infecting at least fifty-three people and killing three. Nonetheless, many illnesses were readily identifiable through physical symptoms. The lung sickness in the 1800s is called the disorientation or the irritated lungs. Malignant Sore Throat - Diphtheria. The cause for this hysteria was unknown, although speculation was it involved the retention of female semen, which was thought to mingle with male semen during intercourse. It was usually characterized by regular intervals of chills, sweating, and fever, and depending on these intervals, sufferers were said to have quartan ague, quintan ague, quotidian ague, or tertian ague. As for “lung sick,” which is a dreadful form of pneumonia, very prevalent in this country, they [the oxen] had all been inoculated against it. They feel hot to the touch and the patient is feverish. Lung diseases are some of the most common medical conditions in the world. During the Crusades, soldiers reported suffering from some mysterious ailment that Jean de Joinville described as a disorder that “soon increased so much in the army … barbers were forced to cut away very large pieces of flesh from the gums to enable their patients to eat.” What the soldiers suffered from became known as SCURVY. Today erysipelas is a rather mild and relatively rare infection that clears up rapidly when penicillin or other antibiotics are taken. Doctor Top 20. Between 1840 and 1850 a severe furuncle epidemic, which may have been a mild case of the plague, occurred in Europe, America, and South Africa and resulted in some people dying. It is caused by a parasitic fungus, known as Candida albicans, and usually affects the sick, the weak, and infants or the elderly. It was a nightmare disease at the time because railways and steamships spread it everywhere. QUINSY or QUINSEY was another name for a complication related to tonsillitis that affected children and adults. It was an accumulation of pus beside the tonsil with symptoms of throat pain, difficulty swallowing, earache, neck pain, and headaches. EFFLUVIUM arose from a myriad of things, such as rotting animals, decaying plants, or noxious factories, and to avoid it, people were counseled to not breathe “bad air.” The idea of odors causing disease, however, was put to rest once the germ theory emerged. Lung disease doesn’t play favourites. Smoking, infections, and genes cause most lung … CONVULSIVE VAPORS was a combination of melanchoy and hysteria. They believed in the longstanding central principle of Western medicine, known as the Humoral theory, which believed in balancing the four humors—blood (sanguine), black bile (melancholic), yellow bile (choleric), and phlegm (phlegmatic). In 1821, the inventor of the stethoscope, physician René Laënnec, recognized emphysema as another component of COPD. This led to an investigation of other methods to “cure” patients, which eventually resulted in the germ theory that revolutionized medicine. PUTRID SORE THROAT, also known as putrid fever, was an acute gangrenous inflammation of the fauces and pharynx that attacked the tonsils and then caused sloughing near the pharynx. The lesions are most commonly seen on the face, scalp, hands, and legs. Reports indicate that King Henry IV of France perhaps healed as many as 1,500 and Queen Anne touched the infant Samuel Johnson. Women diagnosed with it suffered a wide array of symptoms from irritability and insomnia to fainting and fluid retention. A lung infection can be caused by bacteria, a virus, or a fungus, and the symptoms will be very similar, including a cough with mucus, fever, runny nose, and crackling noises in the lungs. Frontier areas along the Ohio River in the United States, where white snake root was prevalent, were particularly plagued by MILK SICKNESS. Its lethality was shown during Napoleon Bonaparte’s retreat from Moscow in 1812, as more French soldiers died from TYPHUS than were killed by the Russians. This practice continued until the early 1700s. Edvard Munch, The Sick Child, 1885–86. To help you understand the diseases people faced in the 1700 and 1800s, here is a list, in alphabetical order, of the more common diseases, ailments, and complaints. It affects men, women, children, smokers, non-smokers and individuals who have never smoked. Lung sickness is caused by a bacterium known as the Mycoplasma mycoides, which shows the ability to form colonies when cultured in the laboratory by scientists. Infants with MARASMUS under a year were believed to have acquired it because of chronic vomiting and diarrhea, inherited syphilis, or unsuitable food. However, as late as the 1850s, people thought it attacked the poor and that it was caused by vapors, whether they be pestilence vapors or putrid animal miasma. This is done by cutting a slit in the tail of an ox, and binding in a piece of the diseased lung of an animal which had died of the sickness. DIPHTHERIA was known by different names across the world before 1826. However, physicians of the 1700 and 1800s did not understand staphylococci were the cause of these eruptions. It was listed as "Cause of death", Milk Leg - Painful thrombosis of the femoral vein in the leg following childbirth, Chronic wasting away or a name for tuberculosis, An acute febrile highly infectious disease with a high fatality rate, Any pain in the chest area with each breath, Gomerulonephritis; a once relatively common childhood kidney disease that causes the kidney to leak protein. Horse chestnut extract was used by the French in the 1800s and was apparently effective in solving the problem. Untreated, it is fatal in 8 days, Progressive wasting away of body, like malnutrition, Inflammation of uterus or purulent vaginal discharge, Poisonous vapors thought to infect the air, Disease from drinking contaminated milk, like undulant fever or brucellosis, Phlebitis; a painful swelling of the leg soon after childbirth, due to thrombosis of the large veins; Painful swelling of the leg beginning at the ankle and ascending or at the groin and extending down the thigh... its usual cause is infection after labor; Post partum thrombophlebitis, Disease from milk of cattle which had eaten poisonous weeds, Extreme exhaustion from inability to control physical and mental activities, Described as discomfort, such as "Headache" was neuralgia in head, Paralysis or uncontrolled movement of controlled muscles. Membranous - Croup Diphtheria. Brucellosis cab also cause long-lasting or chronic symptoms that include recurrent fevers, joint pain, and fatigue - See MILK FEVER, Ulceration of mouth or lips or herpes simplex, Nose and throat discharge from cold or allergy, Inflammation of cerebrum or lead poisoning, Swelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold, Acute severe contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing, Characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc. PNEUMONIA, also known as winter fever in the 1800s, is an inflammation of the lungs, accompanied by fever, pain in the side, rapid breathing, serrated pulse, a cough, and in some cases rapid death. Debility lack of strength, a lasting symptom . Byssinosis is an occupational lung disease caused by exposure to cotton dust in inadequately ventilated working environments. Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), also known as black lung disease or black lung, is caused by long-term exposure to coal dust.It is common in coal miners and others who work with coal. Coma and death result if not reversed, Contagious skin disease characterized by pustules, Physical condition resulting from lack of food, Condition caused by blockage of intestines, Scrofula, a tubercular infection of the throat lymph glands; also sometimes syphilis, Tetanus or infectious disease affecting the muscles of the neck and jaw. 1831-1834 •During 1831-1834 cholera, a highly contractible disease caused by a bacterial infection of the intestine, spread throughout Britain attacking all classes. EFFLUVIUM referred to unpleasant, foul-smelling gaseous odors that in the nineteenth century that were thought to be injurious or cause disease. It affected women with severe and acute symptoms, such as abdominal pain and fever and many women and newborns died from it. AGUE was also known as chill fever, the shakes, Panama fever, or swamp fever. The Lung Association is here to help. Apparently, the epidemics coincided with dry conditions in spring and summer. The English simply called it pox or the red plague. As early as the 1500s, Gabriele Falloppio wrote a treatise about SYPHILIS, which is a sexually transmitted venereal disease. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia affects the bovine species, such cattle, and water buffalo. Between the ages of one and three it was associated with rickets or cancer, and after three an enlargement of the mesentery glands were thought to be the cause. During the nineteenth century, it was thought to be indigenous to the United States. Lung cancer mainly affects older people. muscles), Jaundice or other symptoms associated with liver disease; may also have been any upset leading to vomiting bile or just vomiting, Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions and high mortality rate, Wiel's Disease; Black Water fever (deadly form of malaria), Vomiting old black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever, Dark urine associated with high temperature (deadly form of malaria), Humans become infected by coming in contact with animals or animal products that are contaminated with these bacteria. However, there appears to be an overlapping of symptoms between measles, SCARLANTINA, and PUTRID SORE THROAT, although the disease seems to be aligned more closely with bronchitis, laryngitis, or tonsillitis. The disease is localized in the small blood vessels of the skin and in the mouth and throat and is characterized by a rash that later becomes fluid-filled blisters. The first physician to observe bacteria in the airways occurred in 1875, and, by 1884, two bacterial causes … This is a secondary (allergic) reaction to certain kinds of strep infections, Elevated temperature after giving birth to an infant, Any disorder associated with pain in joints, Hay fever or nasal symptoms of an allergy, Tuberculosis of neck lymph glands. Learn more. SEPSIS was not given a name until the end of the nineteenth century. The Princesse de Lamballe was stricken with this illness, which at the time, was “considered such a scourge that the medical community, as well as charlatans, conducted extensive experiments hoping to cure them.” It was reported that the Princess was so stricken violets made her ill, she lay faint for several hours, and fits were brought on by pictures of lobsters or crawfish. It sometimes led to gangrene, often resulted in irreversible damage, and could be swift moving, wreaking havoc within a few days. The following is a generalized list of diseases and their definitions that I have found during my research. Dengue fever from a mosquito bite . Here is a list of breathing disorders with information on symptoms, causes, treatment and disease management. At the time the 1880 census was taken, bacteriology was a recent development. FEMALE HYSTERIA, also known as the “vapors,” was a catch-all complaint in the 1800s that one physician claimed was suffered by a quarter of all women. Notable victims of this disease include, Henry V of England, Sir Francis Drake, and Napoleon Bonaparte‘s Grande Armée in Russia. Princesse de Lamballe. Fortunately, an effective vaccine was developed in 1897 by the British bacteriologist Almroth Edward Wright. Public domain. DIPHTHERIA is a contagious upper respiratory tract illness characterized by a sore throat and low fever. Erysipelas causes affected areas of skin to turn bright red and become slightly swollen. SCARLATINA is an old-fashioned name for scarlet fever. WebMD's Lungs Anatomy Page provides a detailed image and definition of the lungs. Read More. Sever infections of the central nervous systems or lining of the heart may occur. Could be appendicitis, Disease characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancing, Any collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungs, Dark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood, Tumor of the eyelids which causes hair loss, Usually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose and throat, anorexia, Edema (swelling), often caused by kidney or heart disease, Inflammation of colon with frequent passage of mucous and blood, Indigestion and heartburn. The disease originated during the time of Edward the Confessor and was believed to be cured by the King’s touch. However, not everyone was willing to use them. Several other major outbreaks are detailed below: WHOOPING COUGH was named for the sound made when someone coughed and just as the name sounds, people whooped when they coughed. Benjamin Franklin. There were six pandemics in the 1800s: The first started in India in 1817 and spread to Asia, the Middle East, and Russia; the next began in 1827 affecting the United State and Europe; a third pandemic occurred in 1839 in North Africa and reached South America; another pandemic in 1863 affected sub-Saharan Africa; and a fifth (1881-1896) and sixth (1899-1923) pandemic affected people worldwide. There can be a range of reasons why the sickness is caused. Princess Margaret’s lung operation: The true story of her illness, depicted in The Crown season 4 Ewan Somerville 11/23/2020 9 injured after NY passenger bus drives off overpass in the Bronx Lack of sodium in the body is a predisposing cause, Could be malaria, typhoid or encephalitis, Infectious and fatal disease common to UK in 15th century, Infectious fever characterized by high fever, headache and dizziness, Childhood disease characterized by spots on mouth, lips and throat, Painful ulcers found along gum line, Caused by poor nutrition and poor hygiene, Infectious fever characterized high fever, headache, and dizziness, Convulsions associated with teething, worms, elevated temperature or diarrhea. DROPSY is an abnormal accumulation of fluids in the body and a contraction from the word hydropsy, which is now known as edema. It seemed to be a medical mystery even into the mid-1700s when the mystery was solved by a British naval physician named James Lind. 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